On July 11 1987 the world population crossed the threshold of 5 billion that was followed by the UN declaring July 11 as World Population day.
This year’s world population day topic relates to Tehran declaration dating back 50 years according to which no one can force married couples to have or not to have kids that being the couple’s unique right to decide.
The UN Population Fund study is related to the RA population reproductive behavior. The studies were conducted in 2017 in Yerevan and in 4 regions, Gegharkunik, Lori, Shirak and Tavush.
The selective survey was conducted in 2301 households engaging 15-45 age group reproductive age women and 15-54 age group reproductive age men.
Tsovinar Harutyunyan, UN Population Fund Armenian office acting executive representative noted at the Media Center press conference that according to survey results the prevailing problem in Armenia is the gap between the desired number and the factual number of children in the families.
“The couples are willing to have more children but they have fewer. The state should create environment, support mechanisms for the couples to have the next planned kid without endangering the welfare of the family. According to studies the couples are on the one hand ready and willing to work, but on the other hand there is the problem of parental duties”, Harutyunyan said.
Ani Aslanyan, RA National Institute of Labour and Social Research, head of demography division, said that that according to the survey the desired number of children among the couples is 3, but the majority had 2 kids.
“20,5% had 1 kid, 18,5% had 3. Both women (42%) and women (36%) prefer to have 3 kids”, Aslanyan says.
The studies point to obstacles because of which the couples delay their decision on the next child. “The absence of proper workplace and worthy pay is the reason that makes over 15% and that brings about the desire to leave the country. The couples that plan a child in the coming 2-3 years pay great attention to not only financial but also housing onditions”, Aslanyan notes.
The studies also show that married couples in Armenia do not tend to take care of their reproductive health, go to check-ups.
According to surveys only 26, 9 % of the participants used such medical services and 60% think that they don’t need it.
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Lilit Arakelyan, Media Center project editor/coordinator.