The human and material losses of Spitak earthquake on December 7, 1988 were catastrophic. 21 towns and districts, 342 villages were damaged, 17% of the country's housing stock was destroyed.
More than 25,000 people were killed in the earthquake. After the Spitak earthquake, the level of seismic hazard was revamped throughout the country, and great attention was paid to seismic resistance of the newly built buildings. Seismic protection system was introduced. A long-term seismic hazard reduction program was developed in Armenia and especially in Yerevan. But 29 years after the disaster, Yerevan, where almost half of Armenia's population is concentrated, is not ready to resist an earthquake like the Spitak one.