Sergey Gabrielyan, President of “New Generation” Humanitarian NGO, Arman Sahakyan, Equality and Diversity Programs’ Coordinator of “New Generation” Humanitarian NGO, Nare Hovhannisyan, Human Rights and Advocacy Programs’ Coordinator of “New Generation” Humanitarian NGO, Lilit Martirosyan, President of “Rights Side” NGO, were the speakers of the discussion.
First, Arman Sahakyan introduced the types of homophobia.
“Homophobia, in general, is based on the lack of knowledge, prejudices and some traditions the fight against which is the raising of the legal awareness of the society and providing accurate information,” he said.
Sahakyan said that 100 states in the world celebrate this holiday. He said that they planned to carry out a flash mob, the presentation of “Right to Health” project was planned and a closed event celebrating diversity.
Sergey Gabrielyan said that there NGO had been fighting for the protection of LGBTI rights in Armenia.
“We don’t see the progress, the light at the end of the tunnel. Though Armenia ratified numerous international documents that condemn homophobia and transphobia, these documents are in the air, the aggression among the society rises,” Gabrielyan said.
He highlightes that it is the state obligation to protect people from homophobia, to prevent the hatred calls, which are spread among mass media, state and non-state organizations, social networks.
According to the speaker, more than 300 organizations out of 6000 civil organizations are engaged in human rights protection but 86% of them do not want to talk about that issue at all.
“Moreover, there is deterioration both in terms of discriminative attitude and violations. People are in the same stereotyped atmosphere,” Gabrielyan said.
Nare Hovhannisyan presented the research results conducted by “New Generation” Humanitarian NGO. The security institutions of physical and sexual violence, the speech of intolerance and hatred towards LGBTIQ were displayed at 100 percent among the law enforcement structures, media and psychological pressures, speech manifestations of intolerance and hatred comprises 90%, physical pressures in LGBTIQ families - 60 percent, intolerance manifestations 72 percent, psychological pressure 74 percent.
“In state institutions, physical violence is 5%, intolerance manifestations 75%, sexual violence in the health sector is 10%, in the religious organizations it is 8%, and it is 55% in entertainment venues,” Hovhannisyan said.
Lilit Martirosyan,President of “Rights Side” NGO, said that their organization is engaged in the issues of trans people. During the last 1, 5 years, there were 6 renaming.
“There is no law in Armenia that would allow a person to perform sex change surgeries, thus trans people face discrimination in medical facilities or doctors,” he said, this year 30 cases of violence against trans people have been registered.
Hayk Hayrapetyan also underlined that there is a legislative gap.
“In one case, there are international treaties signed by the Republic of Armenia, on the other hand, there are no national regulations, legislation. The law prohibiting discrimination is a significant normative act, and the human rights defenders do not possess the tools to protect human rights,” Hayrapetyan said.
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