Demographer Ruben Yeganyan insists that none of the numbers associated with the migration outflow is not true because the phenomenon is not measured, the bulk of migrants does not follow the order of registration that is adopted.
Hranush Kharatyan, Ethnographer, Ruben Yeganyan, Demographer, Anna Hovhannisyan, Project Coordinator of UNFPA "Support to Implementation of Population Policies" Project, participated in the discussion on the topic of “The Rate of Immigration and Migration Issues in Armenia in 2016-2017” at Media Center.
“The phenomenon, which developed in the course of 25 years, is taking its natural development. This is a structural phenomenon linked to our social, economic, political, psychological situations. Every year we have 15-20 thousand people who leave Armenia not permanently,” Yeganyan said.
He notes that every year surveys on migratory phenomena are conducted with the Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University.
According to survey data of 2016, the ratio between the permanent and temporary migrants has changed at the expense of permanent migrants.
“According to the survey data of this year, 47% are migrant workers, and 53% are permanent migrants. They left and continue to leave because of our socio-economic realities. However, financial flows continue to fall 2.5 times within the scope of migration compared to 2013. If in 2015, the financial flow was $ 245 million; in 2016 it comprised $ 201 million,” Yeganyan said.
He emphasizes that the real picture will reflect more accurately during the next census.
Hranush Kharatyan says that migration is because of the domestic situation of the state.
“In 2011, I took the age groups from the census data and compared. I have to say that we have demographic serious problems. There is up to 42 percent loss in 39-49 and 19 -29 age groups in Armenia, which reveals labor and permanent migration. I think that a significant increase in emigration is recorded after each election which means that a collapse of hopes takes place from election to election,” Kharatyan said.
She emphasized that in-depth interviews indicate that the work abroad does not raise the welfare people are fleeing from hopelessness and non-protection in legal terms.
Anna Hovhannoisyan says that a country where the birth rate is lower than simple reproduction, migration outflows cause great deviation to the age groups.
“Population growth is registered in the elderly, Armenia is an aging country, which is caused also by migration. In 2016, according to NSS data, we have 24 thousand people emigrated. If it did not take place, we would have a natural growth, as 12 500 people were born more than died in 2016. But we had a decline in population due to migration,” Hovhannisyan said.
She adds that in 2017 the United Nations Population Fund plans to conduct a new research on fertility and other demographic directions and understand if there is a change in human behavior or not.
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Lilit Arakelyan, editor/events coordinator at “Media Center”
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