“Cases of Domestic Violence and Women Murder in Armenia: Presentation of New Report”
31.05.2016
12:00
Each fifth woman is subjected to violence, in Armenia and during the last 5 years 30 women were killed by a partner or other family members in Armenia. In 2015 Armenia's security agencies recorded 784 reports of domestic violence. This number does not include cases marked as "irreconcilable families' or cases not submitted at all.

Ani Chilozeane, Representative of the "Women's Support Center," author of the research, presented these data during the press conference at Media Center on “Cases of Domestic Violence and Women Murder in Armenia: Presentation of New Report”.“Women murder cases were registered mainly among women aged 20-40. Most of the victims were (63 percent) of rural living conditions, mainly from the regions of Ararat and Armavir. Most of the killings were conducted at home. 21 of the 30 victims lived with the perpetrators in the same house when the murder happened, at least 4 of them were trying to split up with the perpetrators, 3 had already split up before the murder. Most of the women were killed by stabbing cutting their throats, beating with a blunt object and strangling, that is, in a cruel manner," the speaker said.

According to the report, average term for poisoning the criminals was 9 years, only 4 out of 30 are now doomed. No verdict was made for 16 cases even though a long time has passed. In general, no case has been opened for one case. It was classified as a suicide, but the investigations of 9 women murder cases are still unknown.

Coalition member organizations are getting more than 2000 calls per year on domestic violence. Given the low level of reported violence against women, the actual number of women subjected to violence at home is considered to be significantly bigger.

According to the research, law enforcement bodies exercise idleness basically. Women's Rights Center lawyer Elina Danielyan mentioned legal deficiencies. "There is a problem with the police, they do not give the proper response to the reports and are never consistent. Therefore murders are not prevented."

According to the only available data of the National Statistics, 10.5% of the intentional murder victims reported in 2012 are women killed by intimate partners or family members, while the number of men killed by family members or intimate partners is much less - 2.9%. It is important to note that these figures represent only documented deliberate killings, and do not include unreported cases and the cases not marked as intentional murder.

As the police records and interviews with family, friends or witnesses show, almost in all 30 cases the perpetrator previously also displayed violent behavior. Zara Hovhannisyan, Coordinator for the Coalition to Stop Violence Against Women, emphasized the implementation of preventive measures to solve the problem, giving primary importance to the adoption of RA Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence. The Armenian authorities pledged to adopt the law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence in less than 6 months. It has twice been returned from the National Assembly and it is currently being re-processed. The draft includes the preventive measures that will enable the victim and perpetrator live apart for some time. There are a number of preventive mechanisms, for example, providing shelters in the places of residence, putting bracelets on their hands in order not to approach more than 100 meters and so on," Hovhannisyan said.

As a reply to the question about the situation in comparable countries with Armenia, Ani Chilozeane noted that laws on the prevention of domestic violence were adopted and acted long before in Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey.  

Arevik Sahakyan, Program coordinator at “Media Center”

To contact the author please send an email to areviksahakyan@mail.ru

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