The backbone of any country is its judicial system. The more independent the judicial system is, the stronger the backbone of a democratic state particularly is. Avetik Ishkhanyan, Chairman of Armenia's Helsinki Committee, and Haykuhi Harutyunyan, Head of “Protection of Rights without Borders” NGO, assessed the extent to which the right to fair trial described in the Constitution and the European Convention is realized in Armenia.
Avetik Ishkhanyan said, “the judicial power is a separate power and not just an appendix to the Government. Typically, a violation of our rights is mainly performed by the executive power and in order to restore our violated rights we apply to the judicial system where judges are appointed by the President.” Nevertheless, Ishkhanyan also noted that pursuant to the requirements of the Council of Europe, the 2005 constitutional reforms resulted in the replacement of the RA President as head of the Justice Council, yet the appointment of judges is still vested in the President.